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Giuseppe Tartini biography 
 

Giuseppe Tartini

Giuseppe Tartini Biography


Giuseppe Tartini.
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Giuseppe Tartini.

Giuseppe Tartini (April 8, 1692 - February 26, 1770) was an Italian composer and violinist born in Piran, a town of Istria, now in Slovenia.

It appears Tartini's parents intended for him to become a Franciscan priest, and in this way he received the basic musical training. He studied law at the University of Padua, where he became very good at fencing. After his father's death in 1710, he married Elisabetta Premazore, a woman his father would've disapproved of because of her lower social class and age difference. Unfortunately, Elisabetta was a favorite of the powerful Cardinal Cornaro, who promptly charged Tartini with abduction. Tartini fled Padua to go to the convent of St. Francis in Assisi, where he could escape prosecution; while there he took up playing the violin.

There is a legend that when Giuseppe Tartini heard Francesco Maria Veracini's playing in 1716, he was so impressed by it and so dissatisfied with his own skill, that he fled to Ancona and locked himself away in a room to practice.

Tartini's skill improved tremendously and in 1721 he was appointed Kapellmeister at Il Santo in Padua, with a contract that allowed him to play for other institutions if he wanted to.

In 1726 Tartini started a violin school which attracted students from all over Europe. Gradually Tartini became more interested in the theory of harmony and acoustics, and from 1750 to the end of his life he published various treatises.

Arguably his most infamous work is the Devil's Trill sonata, a solo violin sonata that requires a number of technically demanding double stop trills and is difficult even by modern standards. According to legend, Tartini was inspired to write the sonata by a dream in which the Devil appeared at the foot of his bed playing the violin.

Almost all of Tartini's works are violin concerti and violin sonatas. Unlike most of his Italian contemporaries, Tartini wrote no operas and no church music whatsoever. Tartini's music is problematic to scholars and editors because Tartini never put dates on his manuscripts, and he also revised works that had been published or even finished years before, making it difficult to determine when a work was written, when it was revised and what the extent of those revisions were. The scholars Dounias and Brainard have attempted to divide Tartini's works into periods based entirely on the stylistic characteristics of the music.

In addition to his work as a composer, Tartini was a music theorist, of a very practical bent. He is credited with the discovery of summation and difference tones, an acoustical phenomenon of particular utility on string instruments (intonation of double-stops can be judged by careful listening to the difference tone, the 'terzo suono'). He published his discoveries in a treatise Trattato di musica secondo la vera scienza dell'armonia (Padua, 1754).

Luigi Dallapiccola wrote a piece called Tartiniana based on themes by Tartini.

External links

  • Giuseppe Tartini (http://www.istrians.com/istria/illustri/tartini/) on Prominent Istrians


This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Giuseppe Tartini



Concertino (for Clarinet and Piano). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Arranged by Gordon Jacob. For clarinet and piano (Clarinet). Boosey & Hawkes Chamber Music. Baroque. Difficulty: easy-medium. Clarinet/piano book (includes separate pull out part for clarinet). So

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Sonata in G minor 'Devil's Trill' By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by Fritz Kreisler. For violin and piano. Published by International Music Company

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Concerto En Re Majeur "(For Trumpet). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). For Trumpet, Piano / Organ. Standard notation. Duration 10 minutes. Published by Gerard Billaudot Editeur"

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Tartini Trumpet Concerto By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Arranged by Wallace/Wright. For Piccolo Trumpet in A or Trumpet in D. Solo Brass. Difficult. Solo parts with piano reduction. Published by Brass Wind Publications

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"Sonata in G Minor, Op. 1, No. 10" (Didone abbandonata). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Arranged by GŁnter Kehr. Violin. Violin-Bibliothek (Violin Library). 22 pages. Schott Music #VLB31. Published by Schott Music

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The Art of Bowing (Violin Method). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by Leopold Lichtenberg. Violin. String Solo. 20 pages. G. Schirmer #LB922. Published by G. Schirmer

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The Joseph Szigetti Collection "(Transcriptions and Arrangements for Violin and Piano). By Philip Heseltine Giuseppe Tartini. Arranged by Joseph Szigeti. For Violin Solo, Piano. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 62 pages. Published by Carl Fischer"

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Two Sonatas for String Trio (Score & Parts). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Masterworks; String Trio - 2 Violins and Cello; Trio. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Masterwork. Score & Parts. 20 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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"Sonate fur Violine und Basso continuo g-Moll ""Teufelstriller""" "By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by Agnese Pavanello. For violin/basso continuo. This edition: Urtext edition. Hortus Musicus. Generalbassaussetzung: Eike Wernhard. Level 4. Score, Set of parts. Text language: German/English. Published by Hortus M

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Seven Sonatas By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). For Violin. Masterworks; String - Violin and Piano. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Masterwork. Book. 108 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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Variations on a Theme of Corelli (in Style of Giuseppe Tartini). By Fritz Kreisler (1875-1962). Violin. Schott. 8 pages. Schott Music #BSS29027. Published by Schott Music

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Two Sonatas By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by Pente. For 2 violins and cello. Score and parts. Published by International Music Company

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Adagio By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by Keith Brown. For trombone and piano. Published by International Music Company

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The Accompanied Etude "(15 Famous Violin Etudes with Added Piano Accompaniments). By Henryk Wieniawski Giuseppe Tartini. Edited by Eric Wen. Arranged by Jacques Thibaud Eddy Brown. For Violin Solo, Piano. Masters Collection. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 1

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The Art of Bowing "(L'art De L'archet 50 Variations On A Gavotte by Corelli). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Edited by E. L. Winn, Ferdinand David. For Violin Solo. Solo part. Standard notation. 24 pages. Published by Carl Fischer"

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Variations on a Theme by Corelli "(Arranged for Violin and Piano). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Arranged by Fritz Kreisler. For Violin Solo, Piano. Classical. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 6 pages. Published by Carl Fischer"

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Variations on a Theme by Corelli "(Arranged for Violin and Piano). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). Arranged by Fritz Kreisler. For Violin Solo, Piano. Classical. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 6 pages. Published by Carl Fischer"

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The Devil's Trill "(Le Trille Du Diable). By Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770). For Violin, Piano. Classical. Score and part(s). Standard notation. 15 pages. Published by Carl Fischer"

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Solos for Trombone "(42 Recital Pieces with Piano Accompaniment). By Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky Giuseppe Tartini. Edited by Larry Clark. For Tenor Solo, Piano. This edition: New Revised. New Revised. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 142 pages. Published by C

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Solos for Trombone "(42 Recital Pieces with Piano Accompaniment). By Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky Giuseppe Tartini. Edited by Larry Clark. For Tenor Solo, Piano. This edition: New Revised. New Revised. Solo part with piano reduction. Standard notation. 142 pages. Published by C

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