William Walton biography
 

William Walton

William Walton Biography


Sir William Turner Walton (March 29, 1902 - March 8, 1983) was a British composer influenced by the works of Stravinsky, Sibelius and the jazz genre.

Walton was born in Oldham in Lancashire and after singing as a choirboy at Christ Church Cathedral in Oxford, entered Christ Church, Oxford. He was taught composition by Hugh Allen at first, but from 16 was largely self-taught.

Walton was friends with the literary Sitwell family: Osbert Sitwell, Sacheverell Sitwell and Edith Sitwell. It was setting some of Edith's poems as Fašade (1922, for reciter and chamber group) which first brought Walton to the attention of the musical world. He had originally been introduced to the Sitwells by Siegfried Sassoon, who had taken an interest in his progress since their first meeting at Oxford (when Walton was only 17 and Sassoon already an established poet).

His other works include two symphonies (1935 and 1960), concertos for violin (written for Jascha Heifetz), viola (written for Lionel Tertis but premiered and championed by Paul Hindemith), and cello (for Gregor Piatigorsky), the oratorio Belshazzar's Feast (1931), and the operas Troilus and Cressida and The Bear (based on the Anton Chekhov play). He also wrote film music, including that for Laurence Olivier's films Henry V and Hamlet. There are two string quartets, of which the second of 1947 was later refashioned by Walton into a Sonata for String Orchestra.

Possibly his most frequently heard works are the ceremonial marches Crown Imperial, written for the coronation of George VI, and Orb and Sceptre, for that of Elizabeth II.

Walton was knighted in 1951 and received the Order of Merit in 1968. He died in 1983 in Ischia in Italy, where he had made his home.

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Items to buy by William Walton



Concerto For Viola and Orchestra "By William Walton (1902-1983). Edited by Christopher Wellington. For solo viola and piano accompaniment. Viola. 20th Century. ABRSM Exam: LRSM, FRSM. Set of performance parts. Introductory text. 59 pages. Duration 23'. Published by Oxford University Pres

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Five Bagatelles Guitar By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Julian Bream. For classical guitar solo. Guitar. 20th Century. ABRSM Exam: Grade 8. Collection. 16 pages. Duration 13'. Published by Oxford University Press

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Crown Imperial - Coronation March (1937) By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Herbert Murrill. For organ solo. Organ. 20th Century. Single piece. 18 pages. Duration 8.5'. Published by Oxford University Press

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Coronation Marches: Crown Imperial & Orb and Sceptre "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by David Lloyd-Jones. For Full orchestra (Crown Imperial: 3 flutes (III+piccolo), 2 oboes, english horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, 2 per

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Walton Organ Album By William Walton (1902-1983). Edited by Robert Gower. For organ. Organ. 20th Century. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Organ solo book. Standard notation. 64 pages. Published by Oxford University Press

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Belshazzar's Feast "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Steuart Bedford. For SATB choir, baritone solo and orchestra (piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, cor anglais (optional), 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, alto saxophone, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 tro

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Two Pieces for solo cello By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Hugh MacDonald. For Solo cello. Cello. William Walton Edition. Pieces & Studies. 8 pages. Published by Oxford University Press

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Symphony No. 1 "By William Walton (1902-1983). For Orchestra ([2(2nd+piccolo), 2, 2, 2-4, 3, 3, 1], 2 timpani, 2 percussion, strings). This edition: William Walton Edition. Scores. William Walton Edition. Miscellaneous. Study score (William Walton Edition). 216 pages. P

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Cello Concerto By William Walton (1902-1983). For Cello and piano. Cello. William Walton Edition. Pieces & Studies. Cello and piano reduction. 68 pages. Duration 27'. Published by Oxford University Press

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Set me as a seal upon thine heart "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Timothy Brown. For Soprano and Tenor solo voices and SATB choir, a cappella. Mixed Voices. Sacred, Choral Leaflet. Vocal score. 8 pages. Duration 2'. Published by Oxford University Press"

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Song Album By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Christopher Palmer. For Solo Voice & Piano. Solo Voice. Pieces & Studies. ABRSM Exam: Grade 6. 96 pages. Published by Oxford University Press

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Prelude and Fugue (from The Spitfire). By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Gerhart Drijvers. For Concert Band. Grade 5. Score. Duration 8:00. Published by Baton Music

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"Quartet for Violin, Viola, Cello, and Piano" "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Hugh MacDonald. For Violin, viola, cello, piano. Chamber/Ensemble. William Walton Edition. Miscellaneous. Set of parts (& score for pianist). 156 pages. Duration 30'. Published by Oxford University Press"

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Crown Imperial By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Jay Bocook. Score and full set of parts.. Young Concert Band. Grade 3. Published by Hal Leonard

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Crown Imperial March "(A Coronation March, 1937). By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by W.J. Duthoit. BAND SET. Boosey & Hawkes Concert Band. Boosey & Hawkes #M060055867. Published by Boosey & Hawkes"

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Jubilate Deo "By William Walton (1902-1983). For Double SATB choir and organ/brass. Mixed Voices. Sacred, Choral Service. Vocal score. 12 pages. Duration 3'. Published by Oxford University Press"

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Viola Concerto "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Christopher Wellington. For Orchestra (1929 version: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, english horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3, trombone, tuba, timpani, harp, string

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"Fa,cade Entertainments" "By William Walton (1902-1983). For Ensemble (Flute and piccolo, Clarinet, Alto Saxophone in E flat, Trumpet in C, Percussion, Cello, and Cello A and B for Facade 1,). Scores. William Walton Edition. Miscellaneous. Study score. 220 pages. Duration 50'. Pu

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Violin Concerto By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by David Lloyd-Jones. For Violin & piano. Violin. William Walton Edition. Pieces & Studies. Violin and piano reduction. 92 pages. Duration 30'. Published by Oxford University Press

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String Quartet in A minor "By William Walton (1902-1983). Arranged by Hugh MacDonald. For String quartet (Violin I, violin II, viola, cello). Chamber/Ensemble. William Walton Edition. Miscellaneous. Set of parts. 116 pages. Duration 30'. Published by Oxford University Press"

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