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Luigi Boccherini biography 
 

Luigi Boccherini

Artist: Luigi Boccherini 
Born:1743, Lucca
Died:1805, Madrid
Summary:Italian Cellist and composer
Popular Sheet Music:
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Minuet
Minuet and Trio
Theme from Master and Commander (Procession of the Military Night Watch in Madrid )
 
 


Luigi Boccherini Biography


Luigi Boccherini (February 19, 1743 – May 28, 1805) was a classical era composer and cellist from Italy, mostly known for one particular minuet from one of his string quintets, and the Cello Concerto in B flat major (G 482). This last work was long known in the heavily altered version by German cellist and prolific arranger Friedrich Grützmacher, but has recently been restored to its original version.

Boccherini was born in Lucca, Italy, in a musical family. At a young age his father, a cellist and double bass player, sent Luigi to study in Rome (1757), and after various concert tours, his talents eventually brought him to the Spanish court in Madrid, where he was employed by Don Luis, the younger brother of King Charles III. There he flourished under royal patronage, until one day when the King expressed his disapproval at a passage in a new trio, and ordered Boccherini to change it. The composer, no doubt irritated with this intrusion into his art, doubled the passage instead, leading to his immediate dismissal.

Among his patrons was the French consul Lucien Bonaparte, as well as King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia, himself an amateur cellist, flutist, and avid supporter of the arts. Boccherini fell on hard times following the deaths of his Spanish patron, two wives, and two daughters, and he died in poverty in 1805, being survived by two sons. His blood line continues to this day.

Boccherini is sometimes referred to as the 'wife of Haydn', because much of his chamber music closely resembles the Austrian master's. However, Boccherini is often credited with improving Haydn's model of the string quartet by bringing the cello to prominence, whereas Haydn had always relegated it to an accompaniment role.

A virtuoso cellist of the first caliber, Boccherini often played violin repertoire on the cello, at pitch, a skill he developed by substituting for ailing violonists while touring. This supreme command of the instrument brought him much praise from his contemporaries (notably Baillot, Rode, and Romberg), and is evident in the cello parts of his compositions (particularly in the quintets for two cellos, treated oftentimes as cello concertos with string quartet accompaniment).

He wrote a large amount of chamber music, including over a hundred string quintets for two violins, viola and two cellos (a type which he pioneered, in contrast with the then common scoring for two violins, two violas and one cello), nearly a hundred string quartets, and a number of string trios and sonatas (including at least 19 for the cello), as well as a series of guitar quintets. His orchestral music includes around 30 symphonies and 12 virtuoso cello concertos.

Boccherini's works have been catalogued by the French musicologist Yves Gérard (born 1932), published in London (1969), hence the 'G' numbers for his output.

Boccherini's style is characterized by the typical Rococo charm, lightness, and optimism, and exhibits much melodic and rhythmic invention, coupled with frequent influences from the guitar tradition of his adopted country, Spain. Unjustly neglected, his works have been gaining more recognition lately, in print, record, and concert hall.



This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Luigi Boccherini



Concerto in B flat major By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Gruetzmacher; Leonard Rose. For cello and piano. Published by International Music Company

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La Musica notturna di Madrid Op.30/6 By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Published by Masters Music Publications Inc.

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"String Trio, Op. 54, No. 3" "By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Masterworks; String Trio - Violin, Viola and Cello; Trio. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Classical; Masterwork. Book. 20 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing"

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First Quintet in D Major "By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Siegfried Behrend. For 2 Violins, Viola, Cello, Guitar. Set of parts. Published by Zimmermann"

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"Quintet No. 6, Opus 57 (Op. posth.) ""The Military Night Watch in Madrid""" "By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Isidor Philipp. Piano quintet. For piano, 2 violins, viola, cello. Published by International Music Company"

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1st String Quintet In D Maj "(For Guitar, Two Violins, Viola, and Cello). By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). For Guitar. Classical Guitar Ensemble; Masterworks. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Classical; Masterwork. Book. 44 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing"

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BOCCHERINI: Guitar Quintet No. 4 in D 'Fandango' By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). For guitar. Instrumental Solo Part and CD. Published by Music Minus One

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Sonata in C major By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Bazelaire. For 2 cellos. Published by International Music Company

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Three Quintets By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Masterworks; String Quintet. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Classical; Masterwork. Book. 92 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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"Boccherini: Cello Concerto in B-flat Major, G482" (Classical Play-Along Volume 16). By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Classical Play-Along. Play Along. Softcover with CD. 12 pages. Published by Hal Leonard

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Concerto No. 3 in G Major (Cello and Basso Continuo). By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Cello-Bibliothek (Cello Library). Piano Reduction with Solo Part. 39 pages. Schott Music #CB114. Published by Schott Music

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"BOCCHERINI: Violoncello Concerto No. 9 in B-flat major, G482; BRUCH: Kol Nidrei (Adagio on Hebrew Melodies), Op. 47" By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). For cello. Instrumental Solo Part and CD. Published by Music Minus One

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"Three Duets, Op. 5" By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). For Violin. Duet or Duo; Masterworks; String - 2 Violins. Kalmus Edition. Baroque; Classical; Masterwork. Book. 40 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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Rondo (Cello and Piano). By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Cello-Bibliothek (Cello Library). 12 pages. Schott Music #CB26. Published by Schott Music

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9 String Quartets "By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Hofmann. For 2 Violins, Viola, Cello. Sheet Music. Published by Edition Peters"

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Introduction et Fandango By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Arranged by Jeremy Sparks. For 4 guitars. Grade 3. Score and parts. 26 pages. Published by Les Editions Doberman-Yppan

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Sonata No. 6 in A major By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Alfredo Piatti; Forino. For cello and piano. Published by International Music Company

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"Sextet in E flat major, Opus 42 for Horn & String Quintet" By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Janetzky. For horn & string quintet. Published by International Music Company

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Sonata No. 2 in C major By Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805). Edited by Alfredo Carlo Piatti. For cello and piano. Published by International Music Company

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BOCCHERINI: Concerto in D major; VIVALDI: Concerto No. 2 in G minor 'La Notte'; MOZART: Andante for Flute and Strings "By Luigi Boccherini, Antonio Vivaldi, W.A. Mozart. For flute. Instrumental Solo Part and CD. Published by Music Minus One"

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