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Marc-Antoine Charpentier biography 
 

Marc-Antoine Charpentier

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Prelude from 'Te Deum'
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Marc-Antoine Charpentier Biography


Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1643 - February 24, 1704) was a French composer of the Baroque era. He was a prolific and versatile composer, principally of sacred vocal music, and was one of the most famous contemporaries of Jean-Baptiste Lully.

Contents

Life

He was born in or near Paris. Little is known of his early life, and even the approximate date of his birth is questioned; it is known that he was a 'young man' when he studied in Rome, probably between 1662 and 1667. While in Rome he studied with Giacomo Carissimi; an old legend of his going to Rome to study painting, prior to his musical talent being discovered by Carissimi, is undocumented. Certainly he acquired a solid knowledge of contemporary Italian practice, which he brought back to France.

Most likely he worked for the Duchess of Guise on his return to France, as her mâitre de musique—music master—and singer, until her death in 1688. During this time he composed a considerable quantity of dramatic secular vocal works, including psalm settings, hymns, a Magnificat setting, a mass, and motets (which he called oratorios, confusingly).

Beginning around 1672, he worked with Molière after Molière's falling out with Jean-Baptiste Lully.

Music, style and influence

His compositions include oratorios, masses, operas, and numerous smaller pieces which are difficult to categorize. Many of his smaller works for one or two voices and instruments resemble the Italian cantata of the time, and share most features except for the name: Charpentier calls them air sérieux or air à boire if they are in French, but cantatas if they are in Italian.

Miscellaneous

The prelude to his Te Deum, H. 146, a rondeau, is very well-known as the signature tune for the European Broadcasting Union, heard in the opening credits of the Vienna New Year's Concert and the Eurovision Song Contest.

Charpentier's works

Charpentier's compositions were catalogued by Hugh Wiley Hitchcock. They are often referred to by H (for Hitchcock) number.

Operas

  • Les Amours d'Acis et Galatée (1678)
  • La Descente d'Orphée aux Enfers (1686-1687)
  • Le Jugement de Pâris (1690)
  • Philomele (1690)
  • Médée (1693)

Biblical tragedies

  • David & Jonathas (1684)
  • Celse (1687)

Pastorales

  • Actéon (1684)
  • La Couronne de Fleurs (1685)
  • La Fête de Ruel (1685)
  • Il faut rire et chanter: Dispute de Bergers (1685)
  • Le Retour de Printemps
  • Cupido Perfido Dentr'al Mio Cor
  • Petite Pastorale Eglogue de Bergers

Pastoraletta

  • Amor Vince Ogni Cosa

Tragedies

  • Circé (1675)
  • Andromède (1682)

Comedies

  • La Comtesee de'Escarbagnas (1672)
  • Le Médecin malgré lui (1672)
  • La Fâcheux (1672)
  • L'Inconnu (1675)
  • Les Amours de Vénus et Adonis (1685)

Comédies-Ballet

  • Le Mariage Forcé (1672)
  • Le Malade Imaginaire (1672)
  • Le Sicilien (1679)

Ballets

  • Polyeucte (1679)

Divertissements

  • Les Plaisirs de Versailles (1682)
  • Idylle sur le Retour de la Sante du Roi (1687)

Musical Idylls

  • Les Arts Florissants

Interludes (Intermèdes)

  • Le Triomphe des Dames (1676)
  • La Pierre Philosophale (1681)
  • Endymion (1681)
  • Dialogues d'Angélique et de Médor (1685)

Sonatas

  • Sonates à huit


This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Marc-Antoine Charpentier



Te Deum Prelude "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). For trumpet solo (in C or D, or piccolo trumpet in A) and organ accompaniment. Baroque. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Instrumental solo book. Solo part, standard notation and organ accompaniment. Published by Emer

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"Te Deum, H.146" By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Arranged by Jean-Paul Montagnier. Vocal Score. Schott. Piano reduction. 56 pages. Schott Music #ED12601. Published by Schott Music

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Te Deum D-Dur H 146 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Helga Schauerte-Maubouet. Vocal soli, mixed choir, orchestra. For soprano voice solo/alto voice solo/tenor voice solo/bass voice solo/mixed choir/2 trumpets/timpani/harpsichord/strings. This edition: Urt

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Messe de Minuit H 9 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Helga Schauerte-Maubouet. For soprano voice solo 1, soprano voice solo 2, alto voice solo 1, alto voice solo 2, tenor voice solo 1, tenor voice solo 2, bass voice solo 1, bass voice solo 2, piano. This e

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Prelude Du Te Deum H.146 By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). For piano. Arrangements faciles H.G. Heumann. Classical. Grade 3. Score. 3 pages. Published by Editions Henry Lemoine

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Messe de Minuit H 9 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Helga Schauerte-Maubouet. For Soprano voice solo 1, Soprano voice solo 2, Alto voice solo 1, Alto voice solo 2, Tenor voice solo 1, Tenor voice solo 2, Bass voice solo 1, Bass voice solo 2, Choir, Orches

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In nativitatem Domini canticum H. 416 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Joel Schwindt. Arranged by Joel Schwindt. For soprano voice solo 1 / soprano voice solo 2 / / alto voice solo / tenor voice solo / bass voice solo / SATB choir / 2 flutes /2 violins / viola / basso conti

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"Messe de Minuit, H.9" (Christmas Mass (Liturgical)). By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Arranged by Jean-Paul Montagnier. Schott. Piano reduction. 65 pages. Schott Music #ED12600. Published by Schott Music

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Le Reniement De ST. Pierre (ST. Peter's Denial of Christ) "(For Chorus, Soloists, and Accompaniment). By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by H.Wiley Hitchcock. Arranged by H.Wiley Hitchcock. SATB chorus. For Two Sopranos Solo, Alto Solo, Tenor Solo, Bass Solo, SSATB Chorus, Basso Continuo, Keyboard.

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Prelude to Te Deum By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Arranged by Andrew Kissling. For solo trumpet and string quartet. Score and set of parts. Published by AK Brass Press

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David et Jonathas (Choeurs Sans Accompagnement). By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). For choruses a cappella. Published by Alphonse Leduc

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Te Deum D-Dur H 146 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Helga Schauerte-Maubouet. Arranged by Andreas Kohs. For Soprano voice solo, Alto voice solo, Tenor voice solo, Bass voice solo, mixed choir, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 trumpets, Timpani, Organ, Strings. This e

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Te Deum D-Dur H 146 "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Helga Schauerte-Maubouet. Arranged by Andreas Kohs. For Soprano voice solo, Alto voice solo, Tenor voice solo, Bass voice solo, mixed choir, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 trumpets, Timpani, Organ, Strings. This e

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Trois Motets "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). For SS, organ, SSA, SSATB, inst. Sacred. Score. Text Language: Latin, French. Published by Masters Music Publications Inc."

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Prelude to Te Deum "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Arranged by Andrew Kissling. Brass quintet and organ. For 2 Bb or C Trumpets, Horn, Trombone, Tuba, Organ. Score and set of parts. Published by AK Brass Press"

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Noels [H.531 & 534] By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). Edited by Catherine Cessac. For string orchestra. Orchestra. Marc-Antoine Charpentier _ Musique instrumentale integrale. Baroque. Score. 40 pages. Published by La Sinfonie d'Orphee

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In nativitatem Domini canticum "By Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1645-1704). For Solo SATB, SATB Choir, 2 Flutes, 2 Violins, Cello/Contrabass, Organ. Score available separately - see item CA.2100100. Cantatas; Use during the church year: Christmas. Level 2. Piano/Vocal score. Language: Lat

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