Very little is known of Dowland's early life, but it is generally thought he was born in London or possibly Dublin. It is known that he went to Paris in 1580 where he was in service to the ambassador to the French court. He became a Roman Catholic at this time, which he claimed led to him not being offered a post at Elizabeth I's Protestant court. He worked instead for many years at the court of Christian IV of Denmark. He returned to England in 1606 and in 1612 secured a post as one of James I of England's lutenists. He died in London.
Most of Dowland's music is for his own instrument, the lute. They include several books of solo lute works, lute songs (for one voice and lute), part-songs with lute accompaniment, and several pieces for viol consort with lute. His best known work is the lute song 'Flow My Tears', the first verse of which runs:
Flow, my tears, fall from your springs,
Exiled for ever, let me mourn
Where night's black bird her sad infamy sings,
There let me live forlorn.
He later wrote what is probably his best known instrumental work, Lachrimae or Seaven Teares Figured in Seaven Passionate Pavans, a set of seven for five viols and lute, each based on 'Flow My Tears.' It became one of the best known pieces of consort music in his own time. His pavane, 'Lachrymae antiquae' was also one of the big hits of the seventeenth century.
Dowland's music often displays the melancholia that was so fashionable in music at that time. He wrote a consort piece with the punning title Semper Dowland, semper dolens (always Dowland, always doleful), which may be said to sum up much of his work.
Dowland's lute music is a recurring theme in Philip K. Dick's science fiction.
Lute Songs of John Dowland "(The Original First and Second Books including Dowland's Original Lute Tablature). By John Dowland (1563-1626). For guitar (or lute) and voice. Vocal Collection. Dover Edition. Renaissance. Guitar/vocal songbook. Standard guitar notation, lute tablature
John Dowland's Lute Songs (Third and Fourth Books with Original Tablature). By John Dowland (1563-1626). Edited by David Nadal. For Guitar (or Lute) and Voice. Vocal Collection. Dover Edition. Masterwork; Renaissance. Intermediate. Book. Standard and lute tablature. 144 pages. Pub
"Nocturnal After John Dowland, Op. 70" By Benjamin Britten (1913-1976). Edited by Julian Bream. For Guitar. Book; Classical Guitar Solo; Masterworks. Faber Edition. 20th Century; Masterwork. Published by Faber Music
Songs from the Labyrinth (Songbook for Voice and Guitar. Original Versions from the Complete Lute Songs Edition as composed by John Dowland). By John Dowland (1563-1626). Edited by Werner J. Wolff. Voice and guitar. For voice(s) and guitar. 30 pages. Published by Doblinger Music
"Complete Lute Songs I-V, Setausgabe" "(The 1st, 2nd, 3rd Books of Songs). By John Dowland (1563-1626). Voice and guitar. For voice(s) and guitar. 3. 228 pages. Published by Doblinger Music Publishers"
John Dowland in Tablature "By Steve Siktberg. For Guitar (Fingerpicking). Solos. Bill's Music Shelf. Early Music/Renaissance. Intermediate. Book + Online Audio. 144 pages. Published by Mel Bay Publications, Inc"
John Dowland for Classic Guitar "By Steve Siktberg. For Guitar (Classical). Solos. Bill's Music Shelf. Early Music/Renaissance. Intermediate-Advanced. Book + Online Audio. 92 pages. Published by Mel Bay Publications, Inc"