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Jacques Offenbach biography 
 

Jacques Offenbach

Artist: Jacques Offenbach 
Born:1819, nr. Cologne
Died:1880, Paris
Summary:German/French composer best known for his operattas, including Orpheus in the Underworld (with its famous Can-Can).
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Can Can
Barcarolle from Tales of Hoffman
Can Can from orpheus in the underworld
 
 


Jacques Offenbach Biography


Image:JacquesOffenbach.jpeg

Jacques Offenbach (June 20, 1819 – October 4, 1880), composer and cellist, the creator of 'La vie Parisienne' and an originator of the operetta form, a precursor of the modern musical comedy. He was one of the most influential composers of popular music in Europe in the 19th century, and many of his works remain in the repertory.

Contents

Biography

Offenbach was of German birth and was Jewish, born Jacob Eberst, the son of Isaac Juda Eberst, a synagogue cantor, bookbinder, music teacher and composer. His father was living in Köln in 1807 when the Napoleonic edict required that Jews had to take inheritable family names, and he took the name of Offenbach since he was already known there as 'Der Offenbacher'.

Jacques moved to Paris in 1833 to study the cello. He found employment playing cello in the orchestra of the Opera Comique, and wrote several pieces for the instrument. In 1844, he married Herminie de Alcain. In 1850 he became conductor of the Theatre Francais, but in 1855 rented his own theatre, the Bouffes Parisiens on the Champs Élysées, and began a successful career devoted largely to operetta and opéras comiques until his death. His most popular works are still performed regularly today. He also wrote much dance music, especially the can-can style. His best known operettas in the English-speaking world are Orpheus in the Underworld, La Vie parisienne, La Belle Hélène, La Perichole and The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein.

Offenbach's final opera, The Tales of Hoffmann, was more serious than his other works, reflecting perhaps the eternal wish of the clown to be taken seriously. It was still unfinished at his death, and was completed by his best friend Ernest Guiraud, and premiered in 1881.

He is buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre, Paris, France.

Works

Offenbach wrote more than ninety pieces for the stage. Some of his works include:

  • Les deux Aveugles
  • Le Nuit blanche
  • Ba-ta-clan
  • La Rose de Saint-Flour
  • Le Savetier et le Financier
  • Dragonette
  • Le Vent du Soir ou L'horrible Festin
  • Une Demoiselle en loterie
  • Le Mariage aux lanternes
  • Les deux Pêcheurs
  • Orphée aux Enfers (Orpheus in the Underworld)
  • Les Vivandières de la Grande Armée
  • Geneviève de Brabant
  • Daphnis et Chloé
  • Le Chanson de Fortunio
  • Le Pont des soupirs
  • Le Roman comique
  • Les Bavards
  • Lischen et Fritzchen
  • Le Brésilien
  • Jeanne qui pleure et Jean qui rit
  • L'amour chanteur
  • Die Rheinnixen ,
  • La belle Hélène (Fair Helen)
  • Les Bergers
  • Barbe-Bleue (Bluebeard)
  • La Vie Parisienne
  • La permission de dix heures
  • La Grande Duchesse de Gerolstein (The Grand Duchess of Gerolstein)
  • Robinson Crusoe
  • L'Ile de Tulipatan
  • La Périchole
  • La Diva
  • La Princesse de Trébizonde
  • Les Brigands
  • Boule de Neige
  • Le Roi Carotte
  • Fantasio
  • Fleurette
  • Les Braçonniers
  • Pomme d'Api
  • Bagatelle
  • Le Violoneux
  • La Boulangère a des écus
  • Madame l'Archiduc
  • La Créole
  • Le Voyage dans la lune
  • Tarte à la Crème
  • Pierrette et Jacquot
  • La boîte au lait
  • La Foire Saint-Laurent
  • Madame Favart
  • La Marocaine
  • La fille du Tambour-Major
  • Les Contes d'Hoffmann (The Tales of Hoffmann).

References and External Links



This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Jacques Offenbach



Les Larmes de Jacqueline Op.76 No.2 / Harmonies du soir Op.68 "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Edited by Werner Thomas-Mifune. For Cello, Piano. Cello and Piano. Published by Edition Kunzelmann"

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Barcarolle from 'The Tales of Hoffmann' "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Edited by Roger Nichols. For soprano voice, mezzo soprano voice and piano accompaniment. Classical Period and Opera. Single piece. Introductory text, vocal melody, translations, harmony part and pronunciation guide. 7 pa

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The Tales of Hoffman (Les Contes d'Hoffmann) (Vocal Score). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Ruth Martin. Vocal Score. G. Schirmer Opera Score Editions. Book only. 336 pages. G. Schirmer #ED2639. Published by G. Schirmer

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"6 Duos, Op. 50 Vol. 1: Nos. 1-3" (Cello Duet). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Schott. 24 pages. Schott Music #ED6105. Published by Schott Music

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"Belle nuit, o nuit d'amour from Les Contes d'Hoffmann" By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Vocal Duet. For Soprano Voice and Mezzo-Soprano Voice. Opera. Sheet music. 8 pages. Published by Prima Voce Editions

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Can-Can (from the Overture to Orpheus in the Underworld) "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Julie Eschliman. Choir Secular. For SATB divisi choir (A Cappella) and optional piano accompaniment (SATB choir). Choral Octavo; Masterworks. Choral Octavo. Choral, Classical Period and Opera. Octavo. 16 page

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Orphee aux Enfers (Critical Edition) (Orpheus in the Underworld). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Vocal Score. BH Stage Works. 212 pages. Bote & Bock #M202530429. Published by Bote & Bock

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"Barcarole from ""Les Contes d'Hoffmann""" ((from Les Contes d'Hoffmann) CME Opera Workshop). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Francisco J. Nunez. For 2-part chorus and piano accompaniment (2-part). Opera Workshop. Choral. Difficulty: medium. Octavo. Introductory text. 10 pages. Boose

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"6 Duos, Op. 50 Vol. 2: Nos. 4-6" (Cello Duet). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Schott. 24 pages. Schott Music #ED6106. Published by Schott Music

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"6 Duos, Op. 49 Vol. 2: Nos. 4-6" (2 Cellos). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Schott. 16 pages. Schott Music #ED4647. Published by Schott Music

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"6 Duos, Op. 49 Vol. 1: Nos. 1-3" (2 Cellos). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Schott. 14 pages. Schott Music #ED4646. Published by Schott Music

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3 Duets Op. 51 (2 Cellos). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Walter Lebermann. Cello-Bibliothek (Cello Library). 30 pages. Schott Music #CB116. Published by Schott Music

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Gendarmes' Duet (for Baritone voice and Bass voice with piano). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). For vocal duet (baritone voice and bass voice) with piano accompaniment (Voice and Piano). Boosey & Hawkes Voice. 9 pages. Boosey & Hawkes #M060039577. Published by Boosey &

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Orphí©e Aux Enfers (An Opera in Four Acts (Vocal Score) (French Language Edition)). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). For Voice. Complete Score. Kalmus Edition. Masterwork; Romantic. Vocal Score. 304 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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Orpheus in the Underworld By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Edited by Lawrence Odom. For concert band. Conservatory Editions. Grade 5. Score and set of parts. Published by Neil A. Kjos Music Company

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La Perichole (Vocal Score (English Language Edition)). By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). For Voice. Vocal score. Kalmus Edition. Masterwork; Romantic. Score. Text language: English. 212 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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American Eagle Waltz "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Milton Kabak. Brass Quintet. For 2 trumpets, horn, trombone and tuba. Score and Parts. Published by Wiltshire Music/Cor Publishing Co."

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Can Can "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Arthur Frackenpohl. For 2 Trumpets, French Horn, Trombone And Tuba. Brass Quintet. Grade 5. Published by Kendor Music Inc"

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Can Can "By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). Arranged by Arthur Frackenpohl. For 2 Trumpets, French Horn, Trombone And Tuba. Brass Quintet. Grade 5. Published by Kendor Music Inc"

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Ah! quel diner je viens de faire from La Perichole By Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880). For Mezzo-Soprano Voice. Operetta. Sheet music. 4 pages. Published by Prima Voce Editions

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