Camille Saint-Saens biography
 

Camille Saint-Saens

Artist: Camille Saint-Saens 
Born:October 9, 1835, Paris, France
Died:December 16, 1921, Algiers
Summary:Charles Camille Saint-Saens was a French composer and performer. His most famous piece is The Carnival of the Animals, despite the fact that Saint-Saens forbade complete performances of it shortly after its premiere, only allowing one movement, The Swan, a piece for cello and piano, to be published in his lifetime.
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Camille Saint-Saens Biography


Charles Camille Saint-SaŽns (IPA: ʃaʁl.kamij.sɛ̃sɑ̃s) (October 9, 1835 – December 16, 1921) was a French composer and performer.

Camille Saint-SaŽns
Camille Saint-SaŽns

Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris. A child prodigy, two years after his birth he could already read and write and began piano lessons then almost immediately began composing. His first piano recital was at age five. At ten years of age he gave public recitals of Bach, Beethoven, and Mozart. At the age of sixteen, he wrote his first symphony.

In 1871 he co-founded the Sociťtť Nationale de Musique. He wrote dramatic works, including four symphonic poems, and 13 operas, of which Samson et Dalila and the symphonic poem Danse Macabre are among his most famous. In all, he composed over three hundred works and was the first major composer to write music specifically for the cinema.

In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married Marie Truffot and fathered two children who died within six weeks of each other in 1881. Saint-SaŽns left his wife the same year. The two never divorced, but lived the rest of their lives apart from one another. At that point he gives free rein to his love for young men. On being accused of homosexuality at a social occasion, he is reported to have countered 'Je ne suis pas homosexuel, je suis pťdťraste!'

In 1886 he wrote his Symphony No. 3, 'avec orgue', that is, 'with Organ', perhaps the most famous of all his works. Aided by monumental symphonic organs built in France by Mr. Aristide Cavaillť-Coll, at that time the world's greatest organ builder, this work in particular is immersed in the spirit of 'gigantism' of the dying XIX century, along with the Eiffel Tower, the Universal Exposition at Paris and the beginning of the 'belle epoque'. The Maestoso of the second movement is clearly an expression of the confidence of the European man in himself, in his technology, his science, his 'age of reason' (somewhat ironically, the melody was later used as the basis for the theme music of the immensely popular film Babe). He was frequently named as 'the most German composer of all the French composers', perhaps due to his fantastic skills exhibited in the construction of melodic passages.

Also in 1886, Saint-SaŽns completed The Carnival of the Animals, which was first performed on March 9th, 1886. Despite being very popular today, Saint-SaŽns forbade complete performances of it shortly after its premiŤre, only allowing one movement, 'The Swan', a piece for cello and piano, to be published in his lifetime.

Saint-SaŽns also wrote six preludes and fugues for organ, three in op. 99 and three in op. 109, the most performed of which is the Prelude and Fugue in E flat major, op. 99, no. 3.

Saint-SaŽns wrote on musical, scientific and historical topics, frequently travelling around Europe, North Africa, and South America. He chose to end his days in Algiers, Algeria, where he was able to freely indulge his tastes for young Arabs. In recognition of his accomplishments, the government of France awarded him the Legion of Honour.

Camille Saint-SaŽns died on December 16, 1921, in Algiers. His body was brought back to Paris for a state funeral and was buried in the CimetiŤre du Montparnasse, in Paris.

Selected works



This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Camille Saint-Saens



"Concerto No. 1 in A minor, Opus 33" "By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Leonard Rose. For cello and piano accompaniment. Classical Period. Difficulty: difficult. Instrumental solo book. Bowings, fingerings and piano accompaniment. Composed 1872. 33 pages. Published by Internation

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"Sonate, Op. 167 (Sonata)" (for Clarinet and Piano). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). For clarinet and piano. Editions Durand. Impressionistic and Classical Period. Difficulty: difficult. Set of performance parts. 34 pages. Editions Durand #DF1006300. Published by Editions Duran

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Morceau De Concert - Horn/Piano By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). For F horn and piano. Brass - French Horn Solo; Masterworks; Solo. Belwin Edition. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Set of performance parts (includes separate pull-out horn part). Solo part and piano accompaniment

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"Sonata, Op. 166 - Oboe and Piano" "By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Reiner Zimmermann. For oboe solo and piano accompaniment. This edition: Urtext. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Instrumental solo book. Solo part, standard notation, piano accompaniment and in

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Le Carnaval des Animaux (Carnival of the Animals) (Piano Duet). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Lucien Garban. Editions Durand. 56 pages. Editions Durand #DF1019500. Published by Editions Durand

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"Introduction And Rondo Capriccioso, Op. 28 - Piano / Violin" (Violin and Piano). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Henri Schradieck. Arranged by Henry Schradieck. For violin and piano (Violin). String Solo. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Set of performance parts (includes separate pull out violin

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Le Carnaval des Animaux (Carnival of the Animals) (Piano Solo). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Editions Durand. SMP Level 8 (Early Advanced). 40 pages. Editions Durand #DF1353800. Published by Editions Durand

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"Allegro Appassionato, Op. 43" By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Leonard Rose. For cello and piano. Published by International Music Company

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"Concerto No. 2 in G Minor, Op. 22" "(Two Pianos, Four Hands). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by I Philipp. Piano. Piano. Senior Class piece for the Piano Concerto event with the National Federation of Music Clubs (NFMC) Festivals Bulletin 2008-2009-2010. SMP Level 10 (Advanced)

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"Concerto No. 3 in B minor, Opus 61" By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Zino Francescatti. For violin and piano accompaniment. Classical Period. Difficulty: difficult. Instrumental solo book. Bowings and fingerings. 54 pages. Published by International Music Company

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"Cavatine, Op. 144" (for Trombone and Piano). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Editions Durand. 16 pages. Editions Durand #DF0939900. Published by Editions Durand

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The Swan - from 'Carnival of the Animals' By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Arranged by Alvin Buechner. For cello and piano (Cello/Piano). Classical Period and Impressionistic. Set of performance parts. Bowings and fingerings. 5 pages. Published by Carl Fischer

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"Havanaise, Op. 83" By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Zino Francescatti. For violin and piano. Published by International Music Company

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The Carnival of the Animals "By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Max Pommer. For piano duet (2 pianos, 4 hands) and ensemble. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Piano duet book. Standard notation. Duration 24 minutes. Published by Edition Peters"

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"Sonata, Op. 168 - Bassoon and Piano" "By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Reiner Zimmermann. For bassoon solo and piano accompaniment. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Instrumental solo book. Solo part, standard notation, piano accompaniment and introductory text. Op

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Danse Macabre "(Symphonic Poem). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by H Cramer. Arranged by H. Cramer. For solo piano. Piano Solo. Classical Period. SMP Level 7 (Late Intermediate). Single piece. Standard notation, fingerings and introductory text (does not in

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"Romance, Op. 36" (French horn (or cello) and piano). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Editions Durand. 10 pages. Editions Durand #DF0195200. Published by Editions Durand

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"Danse Macabre, Op. 40 (PoŪ¬me symphonique) (set)" "(2 Pianos, 4 Hands). By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Camille Saint-Saens. Editions Durand. Advanced. 24 pages. Editions Durand #DF0209900. Published by Editions Durand"

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"Clarinet Sonata, Op. 167" By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Reiner Zimmermann. For Bb clarinet and piano. This edition: Urtext. Photoprint edition - publisher prints this title after order is received. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Set of performance parts (inc

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"Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso, Op. 28" By Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921). Edited by Zino Francescatti. For violin and piano. Published by International Music Company

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