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Bedrich Smetana biography 
 

Bedrich Smetana

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Chanson no.2 from Six Feuilles d'Album
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Bedrich Smetana Biography


The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Bedřich Smetana.
Bedrich Smetana's statue in Plzen
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Bedrich Smetana's statue in Plzen

Bedřich Smetana (March 2, 1824 Litomyšl - May 12, 1884 Prague) was a Czech composer, remembered especially for his set of six symphonic poems M� vlast (My Country).

Smetana was a son of a brewer. He studied piano and violin from a young age, and played in the amateur string quartet that other members of his family were in. Smetana attended a high school in Plzen in 1840-1843. He studied music in Prague, despite initial resistance from his father. He secured a post as music master to a noble family, and in 1848 received funds from Franz Liszt to establish his own music school.

In 1856, Smetana went to Gothenburg in Sweden, where he taught, conducted and gave chamber music recitals. In 1863, back in Prague, he opened another school of music, this one dedicated to promoting a specifically Czech music. In 1874, syphilis caused him to become deaf, but he continued to compose, with M� vlast being written largely after this event. His first string quartet, Z m�ho života (From My Life), is an autobiographical work, which mimics the tinnitus he suffered from while deaf.

In 1883 Smetana became insane, and was taken to a mental hospital in Prague, where he died the following year. He is interred in the Vyšehrad cemetery in Prague.

Smetana is noted as being the first composer to write music that was specifically Czech in character. Many of his operas are on Czech themes, the best known being the comedy, The Bartered Bride (1866). He used many Czech dance rhythms and his melodies sometimes resemble folk songs. He was a great influence on Anton�n Dvoř�k, who similarly used Czech themes in his works.

A complete chronological list of Smetana's operas:

  • Braniboři v Čech�ch (The Brandenburgers in Bohemia)
  • Prodan� nevěsta (The Bartered Bride)
  • Dalibor
  • Libuše
  • Dvě vdovy (The Two Widows)
  • Hubička (The Kiss)
  • Tajemstv� (The Secret)
  • Čertova stěna (The Devil's Wall)

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This biography is published under the GNU Licence






Items to buy by Bedrich Smetana



The Moldau By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by du Cheyron. Flute Ensemble. For 4 flutes. Sheet Music. Published by Zimmermann

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From My Life - String Quartet No. 1 in E Minor (Set of Parts). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Milan Pospisil. Parts. Henle Music Folios. G. Henle Verlag #HN814. Published by G. Henle Verlag

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"Dvorak, Rimsky-Korsakov and More - Volume V (Flute)" "(Complete Flute and Piccolo Parts to 64 Orchestral Masterworks on CD-ROM). By Alexander Borodin (1833-1887), Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915), Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904), Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), and Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908). For

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"Trio, Op. 15" "By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Fritz Weitzmann, Hans Mlynarczyk, and Fritz Schertel. For violin, cello and piano. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium-difficult. Set of performance parts. Standard notation, bowings and introductory text. Op. 1

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Aus Der Heimat (From The Native Country). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). For violin and piano. Classical Period. Difficulty: medium. Set of performance parts (includes separate pull-out violin part). Solo part and piano accompaniment. 23 pages. Published by Edition Pet

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"Moldau, Theme from" "By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Arranged by Bethel Melvin. For Piano. Duet or Duo; Piano Duet (1 Piano, 4 Hands). Romantic. Elementary. Sheet. 6 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing"

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Rondo in C By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Kurt Herrmann. For 2 Pianos/8 hands. Sheet Music. Published by Edition Peters

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"Trio fur Klavier, Violine und Violoncello g-Moll, Op. 15" "By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Frantisek Bartos; Josef Plavec; Karel Solc. For piano/violin/cello. This edition: Urtext edition. Performance score, Set of parts (paperbound). Opus 15. Published by Baerenreiter Verlag"

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Country Wedding from The Moldau By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Arranged by Sandra Dackow. For String Orchestra. Grade 3. Score. Published by Tempo Press

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Moldau (Piano Solo). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Schott. 26 pages. Schott Music #ED4345. Published by Schott Music

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"Quartet in E minor ""From My Life""" "By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). For string quartet (2 violins, viola, cello). Set of parts. Published by International Music Company"

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String Quartet in E minor (from My Life). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Study Score. Eulenburg Taschenpartituren (Pocket Scores). Study Score. 51 pages. Schott Music #ETP275. Published by Schott Music

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The Moldau (Get to Know Classical Masterpieces English Edition). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Arranged by Hans-Gnter Heumann. Piano. Schott. Softcover. 32 pages. Schott Music #ED9226. Published by Schott Music

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"String Quartet No.1 in e minor ""From My Life""" "By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). For 2 Violins, Viola, Cello. Parts. Published by Edition Peters"

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The Moldau By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Arranged by Richard Meyer. Orchestra. Full Orchestra; Masterworks. First Philharmonic. Masterwork Arrangement; Romantic. Conductor Score & Parts. 108 pages. Published by Alfred Music Publishing

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Die Moldau (from Ma Vlast) "By Bedrich Smetana. For piano, voice, and guitar (chords only). Classical. 2 pages. Published by Hal Leonard - Digital Sheet Music"

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From My Life - String Quartet No. 1 in E Minor By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Milan Pospisil. Study Score. Henle Study Scores. Softcover. 64 pages. G. Henle Verlag #HN9814. Published by G. Henle Verlag

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"Streichquartett Nr. 1 e-Moll ""Aus meinem Leben""" By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Edited by Frantisek Bartos; Josef Plavec; Karel Solc. For 2 violins/viola/cello. This edition: Urtext edition. Set of parts. 15/15/16/15 pages. Published by Baerenreiter Verlag

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"Dvorak, Rimsky-Korsakov and More - Volume 5" "(The Orchestra Musician's CD-ROM Library - Full Scores on DVD-ROM). By Alexander Borodin (1833-1887), Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915), Anton_n Dvork, Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), and Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908). Score. CD Sheet Musi

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The Moldau (Vltava) (Die Moldau (Vltava)). By Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884). Arranged by John G. Mortimer. Brass Band. Swiss import. Grade 4+. Score and parts. Published by Editions Marc Reift

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